Canada is one of the most desirable places to work in. It has a strong economy with a low unemployment rate. The country also offers many benefits for foreign workers in Canada.  It has a reputation for being welcoming and inclusive to all people. The country has an open-door policy, meaning anyone can come in and work in Canada if they are qualified and have the right skill set.

When considering working in a foreign country, you will likely encounter many forms, terms, and acronyms. In Canada, one such term you need to familiarize yourself with is LMIA, short for Labour Market Impact Assessment. But what exactly is an LMIA, you ask? Let's dive deeply together to understand this critical aspect of Canadian immigration.

Importance of LMIA Canada

LMIA Canada

Before we delve into the specifics of an LMIA, it's crucial to understand why it's so important. The LMIA is a cornerstone of Canada's immigration system, specifically in work permits and employment-based immigration. Without an LMIA, many foreign workers would find legally working in Canada challenging.

Once your employer has obtained an LMIA, the next step is to apply for a work permit in Canada. This process involves applying to Immigration, Refugees, and Citizenship Canada (IRCC), providing necessary documents, and paying the required fees.

A positive LMIA and a job offer simplify attaining a work permit. When getting a work permit in Canada, the first step is to apply for one at the Canadian embassy in your home country. This can be done by filling out an application form and submitting it with all required documents. Once this has been submitted, you will have to wait for an interview with an immigration officer, where you will have to answer questions about your plans for living and working in Canada and your ties back home. Once this has been approved, you will receive your work permit!

However, there’s more to it. Many requirements must be fulfilled before one can apply for a work permit. The process is time-consuming and can get complicated without proper preparation and research. Learn more about how to apply for a Canada Work Permit.

Getting a positive Labour Market Impact Assessment (LMIA) is a major step in applying for a work permit. You must have this document before applying for a work permit in Canada. Although it is not always necessary, a corporation may hire without an LMIA. While a few exceptions are called LMIA-exempt work permits, they are only granted in specific circumstances, spending on your career, skill, and country of origin. A ‘confirmation letter’ is a positive LMIA from Service Canada (ESDC - Employment and Social Development Canada).

What is a Labour Market Impact Assessment (LMIA)?

Labour Market Impact Assessment

Now that you understand the importance of LMIA in Canada, let's delve into the specifics. An LMIA is a document that an employer in Canada may need to obtain before hiring a foreign worker. It's meant to protect Canadian jobs and ensure Canadians can apply for positions first. It is Canada's saying, "We welcome you, but we have to take care of our own first." The LMIA process is aimed at demonstrating that there is a need for a foreign worker to fill the job in question and that no Canadian worker is available to do the job. It's a rigorous process, but ensuring fairness in the Canadian labor market is essential.

To get an LMIA, an employer must provide various information, including the number of Canadians who applied for their job, the number of Canadians the employer interviewed, and explain why those Canadians were not hired. You cannot procure an LMIA Canada yourself. Your employer must do it for you.

The LMIA process is aimed at demonstrating that there is a need for a foreign worker to fill the job in question and that no Canadian worker is available to do the job. It's a rigorous process, but ensuring fairness in the Canadian labor market is essential.

The employer must advertise the job in Canada for at least four weeks before applying for an LMIA. The advertisement should include the salary offered, the job's location, and the applicant's contact information.

The LMIA is required for all employer-specific work permits in Canada. It is a document that confirms that the employer has done their due diligence and can prove that they are not taking away opportunities from Canadians.

The LMIA is required for all work permit applications, including

  • Work permits of less than six months
  • Foreign Workers in Canada under International Agreements or Free Trade Agreements
  • Temporary Foreign Workers Program

Requirements for Employers

Now, you might wonder, "Is every employer in Canada eligible for an LMIA?" Well, not quite. For a Canadian employer to apply for an LMIA on your behalf, they must meet the following general requirements:

  • Possesses a reliable business.
  • Provides the general population with goods or services.
  • Can pay a foreign employee's salary.
  • Genuinely requires a foreign worker.
  • Has not laid off workers twelve months before the application.

Additionally, they must provide documentation supporting their application. Through supporting documentation, Service Canada confirms that the LMIA standards for employers have been met.

You must ensure your potential employer meets these requirements. Don't be shy to ask questions and seek clarification. It's better to be safe than sorry.

Finding a Job in Canada

If you want to work in Canada, finding a job and an employer assisting you with the LMIA should be your priority.

However, LMIA limitations exist for specific positions and locations in Canada. This implies that employers from certain provinces and industry sectors cannot apply.

There isn’t a list that LMIA Employers in Canada explicitly accept applications from temporary workers for foreign workers searching for work there. On the other hand, temporary employees can still apply for positions. LMIA employers who want to hire a foreign worker must post a job on Job Bank, so that’s a good place to start.

High Wage vs. Low Wage Workers

According to the employee's wage, the LMIA is separated into two categories: high-wage and low-wage workers. A potential employee's classification relies on whether the pay for the specific position is lower, equal to, or more than the territorial median salary. If it equals or exceeds, the business must apply for an LMIA for high-wage workers. The business will consider recruiting a low-wage worker if it is below the median.

How to get LMIA in Canada

Getting an LMIA in Canada requires effort from the employer and prospective employee. To get you an LMIA, your employer must do the following:

Step 1: Verify Whether You Need an LMIA

Employers must determine whether they need an LMIA to hire temporary foreign workers.

Step 2: Gather All Necessary Documents

Employers must gather all necessary documents to show that their business is operating.

Step 3: Comply with LMIA Requirements

Employers must comply with LMIA requirements for advertising and salary.

Step 4: Submit the LMIA Application Form Online

Employers must submit the LMIA application form online.

Step 5: Wait for ESDC to Evaluate the Job Offer

Employers must wait for Employment and Social Development Canada (ESDC) to evaluate the job offer and the employer’s LMIA application form.

As a prospective employee, you don't have direct control over the LMIA process, but you can increase your chances of success by being thoroughly prepared. Have all necessary documents ready, ensure your qualifications match the job requirements, and be ready for a potential job interview.

Working in Canada - What to Expect

Work in Canada

The country is well-known for its welcoming attitude toward foreign workers in Canada and excellent standard of living. It has a vast amount of natural resources and is the second-largest country in the world.

There are many reasons why people want to work in Canada. Canada is a great place to work and live for many reasons. Here are some of the top reasons to work in Canada based on the search results:
Safe and friendly environment: Canada is known for being one of the safest and friendliest places to work, study, and live. 

Strong Economy

Canada has a reliable and transparent public finance system that provides exceptional economic independence. It has robust banking and financial networks. 

High-quality Healthcare

Workers in Canada have access to world-class healthcare, paid leave, and holidays, including parental and maternal leave. 

Beautiful Scenery

Canada is famous for its amazing scenery, including its mountains, lakes, and forests. 

Cultural Diversity

Canada is a multicultural society that welcomes people from all over the world. 

Affordable Cost of Living

Canada has an affordable cost of living compared to other developed countries, including cheaper housing, gas, automobiles, and food. 

Employment Opportunities

Canada offers its citizens and immigrants various employment opportunities in information technology, software development, engineering, pharmaceuticals, telecommunications, and aerospace. 

High Standard of Living

Canada has a high standard of living, improved quality of life, a clean/pleasant environment, beautiful outdoor locations, and advanced infrastructure. 

Post-study Work and Immigration Opportunities

Canada offers immense post-study work and immigration opportunities, making it a popular country among students and immigrants. 

Stress-free Atmosphere

Canada has a stress-free atmosphere making it an ideal destination for individuals who wish to build their careers. 

Overall, Canada is a great place to work and live due to its strong economy, high-quality healthcare, beautiful scenery, cultural diversity, affordable cost of living, employment opportunities, high standard of living, post-study work and immigration opportunities, and stress-free atmosphere.


To wrap up, let's address two frequently asked questions about LMIA:

Is it Easy to Get LMIA in Canada?

Getting an LMIA is not necessarily easy, as it requires a fair bit of work on the employer's part. However, with the right preparation and effort, it's certainly achievable.

Can I Work in Canada Without an LMIA?

Yes, working in Canada without an LMIA is possible, but only in certain situations, such as if you're eligible for a work permit under an international agreement or are part of the International Experience Canada program.