Permanent residency in Canada applies to the individuals who are not Canadian citizens but rather who have been allowed to live and work in Canada with no time limit on their stay. A permanent resident must live in Canada for two years out of every five, or risk losing that status. A Permanent Resident holds a significant number of the same rights and obligations as a Canadian national, among others the privilege to work for any venture and also for the federal or provincial government. The fundamental contrasts are that residents cannot:
- vote in elections in Canada;
- run for elected office;
- hold Canadian passports
However, they are allowed to join Canada’s armed forces if the national interest isn’t prejudiced. Permanent residents additionally risk deportation for serious crimes committed while dwelling in Canada. Permanent residents may apply for Canadian citizenship following four years in Canada; in any case, this is not obligatory. People may apply under one of six categories for Canadian permanent residence:
- Skilled Worker Class Immigration
- Business Class Immigration
- Provincial Nomination
- Family Class Immigration
- Quebec-Selected Immigration
- International Adoption
Skilled Worker Class Immigration
Candidates are assessed based on education level, language ability, work experience, age, arranged employment and adaptability. Every component is exclusively assessed and the general score determines if the candidate is an appropriate contender for permanent resident status. The consolidated score is from 0 to 100, with the base qualifying level set at 67.
Business Class Immigration
There are classes of people in the Business Class category that fit the bill for permanent residence: investors, entrepreneurs, and self-employed people. Investors are required to show business experience, a lawfully acquired net worth of C$800,000 and to invest C$400,000 in the Canadian economy. There are likewise extra prerequisites.
If you have a particular province in mind that you might want to move to and settle in, this procedure permits a province to nominate people that they wish to incorporate into their selection for immigration and settlement. This procedure requires the person to contact the agent immigration office within the target province and apply for a nomination to that province. After this nomination has been played out, the individual needs to apply to the Citizenship and Immigration Canada.
Family Class Immigration
If you have any individuals from the close family that are permanent residents in Canada, they may be able to help you acquire permanent residency. Around 30% of all immigrants that come to Canada are supported by relatives. People living in Canada are obliged by the government to support relatives coming to Canada for a time period of 3 to 10 years with an order to help them settle in Canada.
The Province of Québec has a unique agreement with the Federal Government of Canada to select immigrants that best fit its immigration necessities. There is a different assessment process for any individual proposing to settle in Québec, which includes the following categories; Permanent workers, Business people, students, temporary workers, families, and sponsored refugees.
Canadian permanent residents are allowed to adopt children from foreign nations. The procedure is quite long and challenging so as to ensure the rights of children and it involves leading different investigations of the adoptive family and its environment. Adopting a child from another country includes different legal issues and elements, for example, the Provincial immigration office, Hague Convention that governs global adoption, a child's country of origin legal offices, etc.
Permanent Resident Card
In 2002, the Department of Citizenship and Immigration began issuing the Permanent Resident Card (initially billed as and normally alluded to as the Maple Leaf Card) to all new Canadian permanent residents. All existing permanent residents were given the choice of applying for a Permanent Resident Card at an expense of $50, however having a card is not compulsory aside from on account of international travel. The Permanent Resident Card expires every five years and could be renewed by showing proof that the applicant has been physically residing in Canada for the required time period.